Decennial Census

What is the Decennial Census?

“The U.S. Census counts every resident in the United States. It is mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the Constitution and takes place every 10 years. The data collected by the decennial census determine the number of seats each state has in the U.S. House of Representatives.

Besides providing the basis for congressional redistricting, Census data are used in many other ways. Other important uses of Census data include the distribution of funds for government programs such as Medicaid; planning the right locations for schools, roads, and other public facilities; helping real estate agents and potential residents learn about a neighborhood; and identifying trends over time that can help predict future needs.

Most Census data are available for many levels of geography, including states, counties, cities and towns, ZIP codes, census tracts and blocks, and much more.

The 2010 Census represented the most massive participation movement ever witnessed in our country. Approximately 74 percent of the households returned their census forms by mail; the remaining households were counted by census workers walking neighborhoods throughout the United States.”

-From the U.S. Census Bureau Website

For more in depth information about the 2010 Census, please visit this link.

What type of information does the Census collect?

For the 2010 Census, 10 questions were asked of every person and housing unit in the United States. Information is available on:

  • Age
  • Hispanic or Latino origin
  • Household relationship
  • Race
  • Sex
  • Tenure (whether the home is owned or rented)
  • Vacancy characteristics

The results from the 2010 Census are available in a number of datasets in American FactFinder, which you can explore here.

For interactive maps of 2010 Census data, please visit our interactive mapping page.


%d bloggers like this: